Escrito el 19 junio 2011 por Jesus Guerro en General

We have just proclaimed Dallas Mavericks, with german Dirk Nowitzki in the role of Superhero, new Champion of Professional basketball league, NBA, for first time in its 31 years of franchise history, beating Miami Heat in playoff finals and avenging this way, their defeat against the same rival in 2006 finals, five years ago.

With this title, the desired Ring, Dallas Mavericks becomes the sixth different NBA Champion in last 10 years. Lakers (2002,2003,2009,2010), Detroit (2004), San Antonio (2005,2007),Miami (2006) and Boston (2008) complete this privileged list. If we extend back 6 years we find two new franchise champions, Chicago and Houston. So that 8 different Champions in 16 years, something difficult to see in professional leagues in other places or surely even in other sports.

This alternation in the top  has brought a sense of competitiveness not easy to imitate.

TV audience rates have reached in these last finals maximum figures in history even overcoming those reached in times of Great Michael Jordan or more recently, the double re-edition of classic Lakers-Celtics finals in 2008 and 2009.  Average was up to 11 million viewers with top audiences of more than 15 million people watching certain stages of finals.

This growing public acceptance is not by chance at all. It responds to a perfectly engineered League System to preserve maximum equality between all teams playing the championship.

Two major milestones are the essentials of this System:

1)      Draft Election: Every year each team has the opportunity to select the player they want  from the US University Scope or from European or other international leagues.

However these selections are not based in the best offer but following a certain order. Basically this order for selection is structured according to the position this team achieved last season. By this way the last position has the greatest probabilities to select in first order and then so on.

This guarantees a continuous renovation of teams with the worst positioned ones opting to select the best players next year. There is not a franchise in NBA without a star in their team. So that “surprises” in games are not that because everyone knows that any team is able to beat anyone in the league, something difficult to find in other championships regardless the sport.

2)      Salary Cap: Any franchise is not allowed to overcome a limit in wages paid to players. And if they do it they are sanctioned. If they exceed the limit they will have to pay the same amount exceeded to the NBA Offices, so that duplicating the expenditure-

Salary cap is published  in previous summer and changes year after year. In 2010-11 season, It was 58 million dollars.

With this measure, NBA franchises do their best to not exceed the Salary Cap and then all teams in the league maintain some equality in the players potential teams are permitted to incorporate.   Moreover, if some franchise wants to acquire a player belonging to other franchise, the deal is not possible to be achieved with only money. A transfer of players is required with a similar contractual volume. If the “seller” franchise is not interested in players from the “buyer” franchise, a third franchise uses to enter the game provoking 3-band transfers.

To facilitate the accomplishment of Salary Cap the NBA introduced some salary constrains to players depending on their years of experience in the league, so that nobody can earn more money than that established for their seniority, regardless the player´s quality or potential. These restrictions appear during first four years. From this point players are allowed to receive incomes up to 20 million dollars annually.

Some of these policies could seem opposite to American free trade and some details of them are presently debated between players and the League Commissioner, with the overflying thread of lock-out.

We hope they reach an agreement soon. The Show must Go On.


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