The EU defines the main objective of the ETP as “To guarantee the people and goods´ mobility inside the European frame as well as to third countries, taking advantage of techonological devices while respecting the environment at the same time”.
This Transport Policy is considered essential for the economic and social cohesion empowerment, improving the access to islands and peripheral regions.
The third effect claims to encourage employment towards the investments in infrastructures.
In the 90s, Congestion araised over certain regions and axis of Europe which still threatens the competitiveness of some nations and the entire Union. Although the principal congestions appear in urban areas, the Transport by Road Network suffers this reality each day more dramatically. It is calculated than 7.500 kms of Roads (10% of Total Network) are congested and 16.000 Kms of Rail are clarly bottle necks.
The index of Congestion in Airports is measured on terms on average delay per fligth. Accordingly, the 16 prinicpal airports of the European Union show a delay of more than 15 minutes in one third (33%) of their fligths which is a significant figure.
The present reality shows that the External Cost derived form the Transport by Road Congestion represents aproximately the 0.5 % of the entire European Internal Gross Product. And what is worse, the forecast for 2010 establishes an increase in these costs on a 142% reaching 800.000 millions of euros per year, so that, exeeding 1% of IGP. In general, the transport users do not pay the expenses derived from ineficiencies caused by congestion, environmental damage and of course, accidents.
On the other hand, every day is more evident the deficient organization of the European mobility system along with the low performance of certain Transports Modes and Techonlogy.
It is also pertinet to uderline that only 1 of each 5 infrastructures projected in the european program has been initiated or materialised at their deadlines, and more than 50% of the Cohesion Funds have been applied on Transport by Road Investments instead of Rail or Maritime Transport as the European White Book recommends.