17
Jul

THE LAWSON REPORT- A HOPE IN FORESTS

Escrito el 17 julio 2010 por Jesus Guerro en General

The Lawson report explains about the evolution and environmental and social effect of illegal logging.
Here I wanted to stress the highlights of he report as well as the terrible impact of this practice on Earth and Humanity.
The report starts showing some feeling of congratulation on the fact that global production of illegal timber has fallen 22 percent in the last 8 years, thanks basically to coordinated international efforts to curb the beneficiaries of this practice and thus mitigate the effect of deforestation on climate change and the sustainability of a natural resource essential for life.
The study focuses the analysis in five countries, Brazil, Indonesia, Cameroon, Ghana and Malaysia, which represent about 40 percent of global illegal logging.
The lives of over one billion people, among the poorest in the world depend on forests, thus reducing illegal logging is essential to protect their minimums on quality of life. Similarly, this practice seriously endangers the survival of animal species unique and highly appreciated, as the African gorilla, which could disappear in less than 15 years
Therefore, illegal logging is not just an environmental problem but also a serious social and political issue because it often leads to violence, corruption and social conflict.
Only the reduction of logging in Cameroon, Brazil and Indonesia, has allowed the three countries avoid degradation of more than 17 million hectares of forest, an area greater than the combined area of England and Wales.
It has also helped curb the release of 14,600 million tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, equivalent to half of the annual emissions caused by human action in the world!
The report notes that if there were no illegal logging, the governments of these three countries had entered this year up to 6,500 billion dollars (5.072 million euros), more than double what the world spends annually on primary education.
Despite the overall reduction of logging in 2008, companies of the major wood-consuming countries (USA, Japan, Britain, France and the Netherlands) acquired up to 17 million cubic meters of illegal timber worth of some 8,400 billion dollars (6.555 million euros) in the form of processed products, mainly furniture manufactured in China.
Although the problem of illegal logging has been reduced significantly, it remains a serious disease. Thus, Lawson calls for control measures in producer countries and the implementation of laws in consuming countries expressly prohibiting the purchase of illegal timber.
In this regard, he praised the progress driven by the European Union (the main importer of illegal timber in the world) with Control Procedures such as the New Directive Timber Certification through the adoption of the Voluntary Partnership Agreements and the fact that U.S. also approved in 2008 a law expressly prohibiting purchase illegally logged timber.
In the case of the European Union, is still estimated that 20% of wooden products sold in their territory come from illegal origin. So Commission has introduced stricter rules of traceability for operators to respond at any time of origin and destination of the timber and thereby give consumers more assurance on the provenance of the products they buy.
Therefore, it is essential to not only reduce illegal logging, but to encourage continuous re-use of recycled wood, because it is a material very easy for degradation and with high yields from secondary processes.
As we have seen, Its impact is overwhelming on the welfare of Humanity and rest of living beings. It is crucial to learn best practices, moreover considering that global population will grow 30% reaching 10,000 million people in 2050!.

Comentarios

Adolfo 12 agosto 2010 - 18:30

Thank you for stressing this serious problem. Wonderful article!

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